IUDs, or intrauterine devices, are becoming more and more well-liked as a handy and very effective long-term contraceptive option. Given the variety of alternatives available, it’s critical for those thinking about getting an IUD to comprehend the distinctions between the different varieties.
This article explores the world of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and the range of alternatives available to assist people in making decisions regarding their reproductive health.
Table of Contents
1. IUDs for hormones
Levonorgestrel-releasing IUDs, another name for hormonal IUDs, release progestin in an artificial form. This hormone causes the cervical mucus to thicken, which stops sperm from moving and stops fertilization.
Hormonal IUDs offer a hassle-free, low-maintenance method of contraception and are effective for several years. This category includes brands including Liletta, Skyla, Kyleena, Mirena, and others, each with a different size, hormone dosage, and length of effectiveness.
2. IUDs made of copper
Non-hormonal IUDs, or copper IUDs, are hormone-free substitutes that make use of copper’s contraceptive qualities. The copper IUD makes the environment unfavorable for both sperm motility and egg fertilization.
Some well-known brands are ParaGard. Copper IUDs are renowned for their durability because they can offer protection for up to ten years. For those who choose non-hormonal contraception, they are a good option.
Like Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla, the Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System (LNG-IUS) is a hormonal IUD that delivers levonorgestrel. On the other hand, LNG-IUS often has a lower hormone dosage.
Depending on the manufacturer, this IUD can protect for three to five years, making it incredibly effective. For those who would rather have less of an effect on their hormones while still getting the contraceptive benefits of progestin, this is a good alternative.
4. IUDs with smaller sizes
Certain IUDs like Skyla and Kyleena have a more compact design than conventional types like Mirena. These smaller-sized IUDs are especially appropriate for people who are not pregnant or who might want a more portable choice. They are still just as efficient at preventing pregnancy despite their tiny size.
5. Adjustable IUDs
An IUD’s flexibility is a crucial factor to take into account, particularly for people who could be sensitive to stiff structures. The more flexible nature of flexible IUDs, such as Skyla and Kyleena, may lessen discomfort both during iud insertion and while the device is inside the uterus. They are a preferred option for some people because of this attribute.
6. Personalized Hormone Release
Liletta is one hormonal IUD that allows for programmable hormone release over time. Throughout its existence, Liletta consistently produces hormones in a reduced quantity. Those looking for a consistent hormonal effect without the swings seen with other IUDs may find this feature appealing.
7. IUDs for Progestin Only
IUDs that exclusively contain progestin are made to reduce exposure to systemic hormones. IUDs that only contain progestin offer targeted hormonal effects inside the uterus, in contrast to combination hormonal contraceptives that also contain estrogen. For those who are sensitive to estrogen or have certain medical issues that make the use of estrogen contraindicated, this can be a good option.
8. IUDs for post-partum and post-abortion
Some IUDs, like the copper IUD, can be put in right away following an abortion or childbirth. People can start using contraception right away with this rapid postpartum or post-abortion insertion, which offers a practical and efficient solution during these crucial times.
9. Hormone-Sensitive People’s Non-Hormonal Options
Non-hormonal IUDs like ParaGard are an option for people who are sensitive to hormonal contraception or who would rather use a hormone-free substitute. These IUDs are suitable for a wide range of people, including those with hormonal sensitivity, because they offer effective contraception without adding hormones to the body.
10. Reversible, long-acting birth control (LARC)
The class of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) includes IUDs. LARC techniques, including hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs, are quite successful and provide long-term protection for three to ten years on average. Because LARC procedures can be reversed after removal, they offer flexibility to people who might want to become pregnant in the future.
11. The Cost and Availability
It is essential to consider the accessibility and cost of various IUDs. While some brands might require a larger upfront cost, others might be more reasonably priced or insured. Furthermore, the accessibility of particular IUDs could change depending on a person’s region and the healthcare providers they use.
12. Speaking with Medical Specialists
Seeking advice from medical experts is crucial before making any decisions. They can offer tailored guidance according to a person’s preferences, medical history, and particular contraceptive requirements. Healthcare professionals can answer any queries or concerns and help people through selection.
Encouraging Fertility Decisions
People can select a kind of birth control that best suits their tastes, lifestyle, and health needs because of the wide range of IUD alternatives available.
Whether choosing hormonal or non-hormonal types, bigger or smaller frames, or ones made for particular postpartum or postabortion scenarios, the important thing is to make an educated choice after speaking with medical professionals.
By being aware of the subtle differences between IUDs, people may take control of their reproductive health and choose a strategy that works for them.